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At the heart of SvelteKit is a filesystem-based router. This means that the structure of your application is defined by the structure of your codebase — specifically, the contents of src/routes.

You can change this to a different directory by editing the project config.

There are two types of route — pages and endpoints.

Pages typically generate HTML to display to the user (as well as any CSS and JavaScript needed for the page). By default, pages are rendered on both the client and server, though this behaviour is configurable.

Endpoints run only on the server (or when you build your site, if prerendering). This means it's the place to do things like access databases or APIs that require private credentials or return data that lives on a machine in your production network. Pages can request data from endpoints. Endpoints return JSON by default, though may also return data in other formats.


Pages are Svelte components written in .svelte files (or any file with an extension listed in config.extensions). By default, when a user first visits the application, they will be served a server-rendered version of the page in question, plus some JavaScript that 'hydrates' the page and initialises a client-side router. From that point forward, navigating to other pages is handled entirely on the client for a fast, app-like feel where the common portions in the layout do not need to be rerendered.

The filename determines the route. For example, src/routes/index.svelte is the root of your site:


<h1>Hello and welcome to my site!</h1>

<a href="/about">About my site</a>

A file called either src/routes/about.svelte or src/routes/about/index.svelte would correspond to the /about route:


<h1>About this site</h1>

<a href="/">Home</a>

Note that SvelteKit uses <a> elements to navigate between routes, rather than a framework-specific <Link> component.

Dynamic parameters are encoded using [brackets]. For example, a blog post might be defined by src/routes/blog/[slug].svelte. These parameters can be accessed in a load function or via the page store.

A route can have multiple dynamic parameters, for example src/routes/[category]/[item].svelte or even src/routes/[category]-[item].svelte. (Parameters are 'non-greedy'; in an ambiguous case like x-y-z, category would be x and item would be y-z.)


Endpoints are modules written in .js (or .ts) files that export request handler functions corresponding to HTTP methods. Their job is to make it possible to read and write data that is only available on the server (for example in a database, or on the filesystem).

import db from '$lib/database';
/** @type {import('./__types/[id]').RequestHandler} */
export async function get({ params }) {
// `` comes from [id].js
const item = await db.get(;
if (item) {
return {
body: { item }
return {
status: 404

Don't worry about the $lib import, we'll get to that later.

The type of the get function above comes from ./[id].d.ts, which is a file generated by SvelteKit (inside your outDir, using the rootDirs option) that provides type safety when accessing params. See the section on generated types for more detail.

The job of a request handler is to return a { status, headers, body } object representing the response, where status is an HTTP status code:

  • 2xx — successful response (default is 200)
  • 3xx — redirection (should be accompanied by a location header)
  • 4xx — client error
  • 5xx — server error

Page endpointspermalink

If an endpoint has the same filename as a page (except for the extension), the page gets its props from the endpoint — via fetch during client-side navigation, or via direct function call during SSR.

A page like src/routes/items/[id].svelte could get its props from the body in the endpoint above:

  // populated with data from the endpoint  export let item;


Because the page and route have the same URL, you will need to include an accept: application/json header to get JSON from the endpoint rather than HTML from the page. You can also get the raw data by appending /__data.json to the URL, e.g. /items/[id]/__data.json.

Standalone endpointspermalink

Most commonly, endpoints exist to provide data to the page with which they're paired. They can, however, exist separately from pages. Standalone endpoints have slightly more flexibility over the returned body type — in addition to objects, they can return a Uint8Array.

Standalone endpoints can be given a file extension if desired, or accessed directly if not:

filename endpoint
src/routes/data/index.json.js /data.json
src/routes/data.json.js /data.json
src/routes/data/index.js /data
src/routes/data.js /data

Support for streaming request and response bodies is coming soon.


Endpoints can handle any HTTP method — not just GET — by exporting the corresponding function:

export function post(event) {...}
export function put(event) {...}
export function patch(event) {...}
export function del(event) {...} // `delete` is a reserved word

These functions can, like get, return a body that will be passed to the page as props. Whereas 4xx/5xx responses from get will result in an error page rendering, similar responses to non-GET requests do not, allowing you to do things like render form validation errors:

import * as db from '$lib/database';
/** @type {import('./__types/items').RequestHandler} */
export async function get() {
const items = await db.list();
return {
body: { items }
/** @type {import('./__types/items').RequestHandler} */
export async function post({ request }) {
const [errors, item] = await db.create(request);
if (errors) {
// return validation errors
return {
status: 400,
body: { errors }
// redirect to the newly created item
return {
status: 303,
headers: {
location: `/items/${}`
  // The page always has access to props from `get`...  export let items;
  // props from `post` when the page is rendered  // in response to a POST request, for example after  // submitting the form below  export let errors;

{#each items as item}
  <Preview item={item}/>

<form method="post">
  <input name="title">

  {#if errors?.title}
    <p class="error">{errors.title}</p>

  <button type="submit">Create item</button>

Body parsingpermalink

The request object is an instance of the standard Request class. As such, accessing the request body is easy:

/** @type {import('@sveltejs/kit').RequestHandler} */
export async function post({ request }) {
const data = await request.formData(); // or .json(), or .text(), etc
await create(data);
return { status: 201 };

Setting cookiespermalink

Endpoints can set cookies by returning a headers object with set-cookie. To set multiple cookies simultaneously, return an array:

/** @type {import('@sveltejs/kit').RequestHandler} */
export function get() {
return {
headers: {
'set-cookie': [cookie1, cookie2]

HTTP method overridespermalink

HTML <form> elements only support GET and POST methods natively. You can allow other methods, like PUT and DELETE, by specifying them in your configuration and adding a _method=VERB parameter (you can configure the name) to the form's action:

/** @type {import('@sveltejs/kit').Config} */
const config = {
kit: {
methodOverride: {
allowed: ['PUT', 'PATCH', 'DELETE']
export default config;
<form method="post" action="/todos/{id}?_method=PUT">
  <!-- form elements --></form>

Using native <form> behaviour ensures your app continues to work when JavaScript fails or is disabled.

Private modulespermalink

Files and directories with a leading _ or . (other than .well-known) are private by default, meaning that they do not create routes (but can be imported by files that do). You can configure which modules are considered public or private with the routes configuration.

Advanced routingpermalink

Rest parameterspermalink

If the number of route segments is unknown, you can use rest syntax — for example you might implement GitHub's file viewer like so...

/[org]/[repo]/tree/[branch]/[...file] which case a request for /sveltejs/kit/tree/master/documentation/docs/ would result in the following parameters being available to the page:

org: 'sveltejs',
repo: 'kit',
branch: 'master',
file: 'documentation/docs/'

src/routes/a/[]/z.svelte will match /a/z (i.e. there's no parameter at all) as well as /a/b/z and /a/b/c/z and so on. Make sure you check that the value of the rest parameter is valid, for example using a matcher.


A route like src/routes/archive/[page] would match /archive/3, but it would also match /archive/potato. We don't want that. You can ensure that route parameters are well-formed by adding a matcher — which takes the parameter string ("3" or "potato") and returns true if it is valid — to your params directory...

/** @type {import('@sveltejs/kit').ParamMatcher} */
export function match(param) {
return /^\d+$/.test(param);

...and augmenting your routes:


If the pathname doesn't match, SvelteKit will try to match other routes (using the sort order specified below), before eventually returning a 404.

Matchers run both on the server and in the browser.


It's possible for multiple routes to match a given path. For example each of these routes would match /foo-abc:


SvelteKit needs to know which route is being requested. To do so, it sorts them according to the following rules...

  • More specific routes are higher priority
  • Standalone endpoints have higher priority than pages with the same specificity
  • Parameters with matchers ([name=type]) are higher priority than those without ([name])
  • Rest parameters have lowest priority
  • Ties are resolved alphabetically

...resulting in this ordering, meaning that /foo-abc will invoke src/routes/foo-[bar].svelte rather than a less specific route:

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