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By default, SvelteKit will render (or prerender) any component first on the server and send it to the client as HTML. It will then render the component again in the browser to make it interactive in a process called hydration. For this reason, you need to ensure that components can run in both places. SvelteKit will then initialize a router that takes over subsequent navigations.

You can control each of these on a page-by-page basis by exporting options from +page.js or +page.server.js, or for groups of pages using a shared +layout.js or +layout.server.js. To define an option for the whole app, export it from the root layout. Child layouts and pages override values set in parent layouts, so — for example — you can enable prerendering for your entire app then disable it for pages that need to be dynamically rendered.

You can mix and match these options in different areas of your app. For example you could prerender your marketing page for maximum speed, server-render your dynamic pages for SEO and accessibility and turn your admin section into an SPA by rendering it on the client only. This makes SvelteKit very versatile.


It's likely that at least some routes of your app can be represented as a simple HTML file generated at build time. These routes can be prerendered.

export const prerender = true;

Alternatively, you can set export const prerender = true in your root +layout.js or +layout.server.js and prerender everything except pages that are explicitly marked as not prerenderable:

export const prerender = false;

Routes with prerender = true will be excluded from manifests used for dynamic SSR, making your server (or serverless/edge functions) smaller. In some cases you might want to prerender a route but also include it in the manifest (for example, with a route like /blog/[slug] where you want to prerender your most recent/popular content but server-render the long tail) — for these cases, there's a third option, 'auto':

export const prerender = 'auto';

If your entire app is suitable for prerendering, you can use adapter-static, which will output files suitable for use with any static webserver.

The prerenderer will start at the root of your app and generate files for any prerenderable pages or +server.js routes it finds. Each page is scanned for <a> elements that point to other pages that are candidates for prerendering — because of this, you generally don't need to specify which pages should be accessed. If you do need to specify which pages should be accessed by the prerenderer, you can do so with the entries option in the prerender configuration.

While prerendering, the value of building imported from $app/environment will be true.

Prerendering server routes

Unlike the other page options, prerender also applies to +server.js files. These files are not affected from layouts, but will inherit default values from the pages that fetch data from them, if any. For example if a +page.js contains this load function...

export const prerender = true;
/** @type {import('./$types').PageLoad} */
export async function load({ fetch }) {
const res = await fetch('/my-server-route.json');
return await res.json();
import type { PageLoad } from './$types';
export const prerender = true;
export const load: PageLoad = async ({ fetch }) => {
const res = await fetch('/my-server-route.json');
return await res.json();

...then src/routes/my-server-route.json/+server.js will be treated as prerenderable if it doesn't contain its own export const prerender = false.

When not to prerender

The basic rule is this: for a page to be prerenderable, any two users hitting it directly must get the same content from the server.

Not all pages are suitable for prerendering. Any content that is prerendered will be seen by all users. You can of course fetch personalized data in onMount in a prerendered page, but this may result in a poorer user experience since it will involve blank initial content or loading indicators.

Note that you can still prerender pages that load data based on the page's parameters, such as a src/routes/blog/[slug]/+page.svelte route.

Accessing url.searchParams during prerendering is forbidden. If you need to use it, ensure you are only doing so in the browser (for example in onMount).

Pages with actions cannot be prerendered, because a server must be able to handle the action POST requests.

Route conflicts

Because prerendering writes to the filesystem, it isn't possible to have two endpoints that would cause a directory and a file to have the same name. For example, src/routes/foo/+server.js and src/routes/foo/bar/+server.js would try to create foo and foo/bar, which is impossible.

For that reason among others, it's recommended that you always include a file extension — src/routes/foo.json/+server.js and src/routes/foo/bar.json/+server.js would result in foo.json and foo/bar.json files living harmoniously side-by-side.

For pages, we skirt around this problem by writing foo/index.html instead of foo.

Note that this will disable client-side routing for any navigation from this page, regardless of whether the router is already active.


If you encounter an error like 'The following routes were marked as prerenderable, but were not prerendered' it's because the route in question (or a parent layout, if it's a page) has export const prerender = true but the page wasn't actually prerendered, because it wasn't reached by the prerendering crawler.

Since these routes cannot be dynamically server-rendered, this will cause errors when people try to access the route in question. There are two ways to fix it:

  • Ensure that SvelteKit can find the route by following links from config.kit.prerender.entries. Add links to dynamic routes (i.e. pages with [parameters] ) to this option if they are not found through crawling the other entry points, else they are not prerendered because SvelteKit doesn't know what value the parameters should have. Pages not marked as prerenderable will be ignored and their links to other pages will not be crawled, even if some of them would be prerenderable.
  • Change export const prerender = true to export const prerender = 'auto'. Routes with 'auto' can be dynamically server rendered


Normally, SvelteKit renders your page on the server first and sends that HTML to the client where it's hydrated. If you set ssr to false, it renders an empty 'shell' page instead. This is useful if your page is unable to be rendered on the server (because you use browser-only globals like document for example), but in most situations it's not recommended (see appendix).

export const ssr = false;

If you add export const ssr = false to your root +layout.js, your entire app will only be rendered on the client — which essentially means you turn your app into an SPA.


Ordinarily, SvelteKit hydrates your server-rendered HTML into an interactive client-side-rendered (CSR) page. Some pages don't require JavaScript at all — many blog posts and 'about' pages fall into this category. In these cases you can disable CSR:

export const csr = false;

If both ssr and csr are false, nothing will be rendered!


By default, SvelteKit will remove trailing slashes from URLs — if you visit /about/, it will respond with a redirect to /about. You can change this behaviour with the trailingSlash option, which can be one of 'never' (the default), 'always', or 'ignore'.

As with other page options, you can export this value from a +layout.js or a +layout.server.js and it will apply to all child pages. You can also export the configuration from +server.js files.

export const trailingSlash = 'always';

This option also affects prerendering. If trailingSlash is always, a route like /about will result in an about/index.html file, otherwise it will create about.html, mirroring static webserver conventions.

Ignoring trailing slashes is not recommended — the semantics of relative paths differ between the two cases (./y from /x is /y, but from /x/ is /x/y), and /x and /x/ are treated as separate URLs which is harmful to SEO.

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